AIS (Automatic Identification System) was introduced by the UN's International Maritime Organisation (IMO) to increase the safety of ships and the environment, and to improve traffic monitoring and Vessel Traffic Services.
The Norwegian Coastal Administration established AIS Norway in 2005, which today consists of approximately 70 base stations that receive information about all ships over 300 gross tons.
AIS Norway registers three types of information:
- Dynamic (position, course, speed)
- Static (identity, vessel type, dimensions)
- Details on the sailing (destination, estimated time of arrival, cargo, draught)
AIS range is limited by VHF range, which is determined primarily by the height of the antenna. AIS Norway covers, with some exceptions, the area from the Norwegian baseline to 40-60 nautical miles from the coast.
AIS is an important tool in the national emergency preparedness against marine accidents and acute pollution.
The Norwegian Coastal Administration administers AIS Norway and is responsible for distributing AIS data to other governmental agencies. The Joint Rescue Coordination Centres, the Coast Guard and the police are some of the users of AIS data.
AIS data received by AIS Norway is stored over several years, making it a valuable tool for mapping transport patterns and trends for transport planning and maritime analysis.
New AIS basestations strengthen maritime traffic monitoring on Svalbard
On September 13, 2019, the Norwegian Coastal Administration deployed a new AIS (Automatic Identification System) basestation on the island of Prins Karls Forland, west of Spitsbergen. This basestation is powered by solar and wind energy, and is the first of its kind in an area without infrastructure.
Digital Route Service is available from Sandefjord to Haugesund
From June 3, 2019, routes and route information will be available for vessels arriving ports in Skagerrak and Rogaland. This is an extension of the Digital Route Service that was launched in the Oslofjord in 2018.
Russian nuclear power plant without fuel to be transported along the Norwegian coastline
The transport of the Russian floating nuclear power plant "Akademik Lomonosov" started Friday the 27th of April from St. Petersburg heading to Murmansk. The nuclear power plant will not have nuclear fuel on board during transport, but the Norwegian Coastal Administration and the Norwegian Radiation Protection Agency will nevertheless follow the transport closely along the Norwegian coast.
Introducing New Regulations for Pilot Bookings
On April 3, 2018, the Norwegian Coastal Administration (NCA) will introduce new booking regulations for requesting marine pilots. The regulations will thus be formalized and merged into one set ‒ Regulations on Compulsory Pilotage.
See Current Conditions in Saltstraumen live on Web Camera
The NCA has established a web camera that transmits live images from Saltstraumen – one of the strongest maelstroms in the world. Live video transmission is an additional service to the automated current forecast, established in September 2017.
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