AIS (Automatic Identification System) was introduced by the UN's International Maritime Organisation (IMO) to increase the safety of ships and the environment, and to improve traffic monitoring and Vessel Traffic Services.
The Norwegian Coastal Administration established AIS Norway in 2005, which today consists of approximately 70 base stations that receive information about all ships over 300 gross tons.
AIS Norway registers three types of information:
- Dynamic (position, course, speed)
- Static (identity, vessel type, dimensions)
- Details on the sailing (destination, estimated time of arrival, cargo, draught)
AIS range is limited by VHF range, which is determined primarily by the height of the antenna. AIS Norway covers, with some exceptions, the area from the Norwegian baseline to 40-60 nautical miles from the coast.
AIS is an important tool in the national emergency preparedness against marine accidents and acute pollution.
The Norwegian Coastal Administration administers AIS Norway and is responsible for distributing AIS data to other governmental agencies. The Joint Rescue Coordination Centres, the Coast Guard and the police are some of the users of AIS data.
AIS data received by AIS Norway is stored over several years, making it a valuable tool for mapping transport patterns and trends for transport planning and maritime analysis.
Amendments to the Routing Schemes in Norwegian Waters
The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has decided to amend the routing schemes in Norwegian waters from 1 June 2021 at 00:00 UTC.
New Vessel Traffic Service in Western Norway
Kinn Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) is operational from June 1, 2021. The service is applicable for vessel traffic in the area between Florø and Måløy on the west coast of Norway.
New AIS satellite launched
The new Norwegian satellite NorSat-3, launched successfully on April 29 2021. It will improve monitoring vessel traffic in Norwegian vast sea areas.
A New Proposal for Revised Maritime Traffic Regulations
On behalf of the Ministry of Transport the Norwegian Coastal Administration (NCA) have prepared a proposal for revised Maritime Traffic Regulations.
New regulation on Svalbard
On 12 March 2021, the Norwegian Ministry of Transport and Communications laid down a new regulation on ports and fairways on Svalbard. From the same date two other regulations were repealed.
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